Journal articles

Yan Shao, Christian Hardmeier and Joakim Nivre. Universal Word Segmentation: Implementation and Interpretation. Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics 6, 2018, pp. 421–435.

Daniel Beck, Trevor Cohn, Christian Hardmeier and Lucia Specia. Learning Structural Kernels for Natural Language Processing. Transactions of the Association for Computational Linguistics 3, 2015, pp. 461–473.

Christian Hardmeier. Discourse in Statistical Machine Translation: A Survey and a Case Study. Discours – Revue de linguistique, psycholinguistique et informatique 11, 2012.

Conferences and Workshops

Kellie Webster, Marta R. Costa-jussà, Christian Hardmeier and Will Radford. Gendered Ambiguous Pronouns (GAP) Shared Task at the Gender Bias in NLP Workshop 2019. Proc. 1st Workshop on Gender Bias in Natural Language Processing (GeBNLP), Florence IT, August 2019, pp. 1–7.

Jenny Kunz and Christian Hardmeier. Entity Decisions in Neural Language Modelling: Approaches and Problems. Proc. 2nd Workshop on Computational Models of Reference, Anaphora and Coreference (CRAC), Minneapolis MN, June 2019, pp. 15–19.

Ekaterina Lapshinova-Koltunski, Sharid Loáiciga, Christian Hardmeier and Pauline Krielke. Cross-lingual Incongruences in the Annotation of Coreference. Proc. 2nd Workshop on Computational Models of Reference, Anaphora and Coreference (CRAC), Minneapolis MN, June 2019, pp. 26–34.

Liane Guillou*, Christian Hardmeier*, Ekaterina Lapshinova-Koltunski* and Sharid Loáiciga*. A Pronoun Test Suite Evaluation of the English-French Systems at WMT 2018. Proc. 3rd Conference on Machine Translation (WMT), Brussels BE, November 2018, pp. 570–577. *All authors contributed equally.

Margita Šoštarić, Christian Hardmeier and Sara Stymne. Discourse-Related Language Contrasts in English-Croatian Human and Machine Translation. Proc. 3rd Conference on Machine Translation (WMT), Brussels BE, November 2018, pp. 36–48.

Liane Guillou* and Christian Hardmeier*. Automatic Reference-Based Evaluation of Pronoun Translation Misses the Point. Proc. 2018 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP), Brussels BE, November 2018, pp. 4797–4802. *Both authors contributed equally.

Eva Vanmassenhove, Christian Hardmeier and Andy Way. Getting Gender Right in Neural Machine Translation. Proc. 2018 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP), Brussels BE, November 2018, pp. 3003–3008.

Christian Hardmeier, Luca Bevacqua, Sharid Loáiciga and Hannah Rohde. Forms of anaphoric reference to organisational named entities: Hoping to widen appeal, they diversified. Proc. 7th Named Entity Workshop (NEWS), Melbourne AUS, July 2018, pp. 36–40.

Sharid Loáiciga, Luca Bevacqua, Hannah Rohde and Christian Hardmeier. Event versus entity co-reference: Effects of context and form of referring expression.. Proc. Workshop on Computational Models of Reference, Anaphora, and Coreference (CRAC), New Orleans LA, June 2018, pp. 97–103.

Ekaterina Lapshinova-Koltunski, Christian Hardmeier and Pauline Krielke. ParCorFull: a Parallel Corpus Annotated with Full Coreference. Proc. 11th Conference on Linguistic Resources and Evaluation (LREC), Miyazaki JP, May 2018, pp. 423–428.

Yan Shao, Christian Hardmeier and Joakim Nivre. Recall is the proper evaluation metric for word segmentation. Proc. 8th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (IJCNLP), Taipei TW, November 2017, pp. 86–90.

Yan Shao, Christian Hardmeier, Jörg Tiedemann and Joakim Nivre. Character-based Joint Segmentation and POS Tagging for Chinese using Bidirectional RNN-CRF. Proc. 8th International Joint Conference on Natural Language Processing (IJCNLP), Taipei TW, November 2017, pp. 173–183.

Sharid Loáiciga, Liane Guillou and Christian Hardmeier. What is it? Disambiguating the different readings of the pronoun `it’. Proc. 2017 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP), Copenhagen DK, September 2017, pp. 1336–1342.

Christian Hardmeier. Predicting pronouns with a convolutional network and an n-gram model. Proc. 3rd Workshop on Discourse in Machine Translation (DiscoMT), Copenhagen DK, September 2017, pp. 58–62.

Ekaterina Lapshinova-Koltunski and Christian Hardmeier. Discovery of discourse-related language contrasts through alignment discrepancies in English-German translation. Proc. 3rd Workshop on Discourse in Machine Translation (DiscoMT), Copenhagen DK, September 2017, pp. 73–81.

Sharid Loáiciga, Sara Stymne, Preslav Nakov, Christian Hardmeier, Jörg Tiedemann, Mauro Cettolo and Yannick Versley. Findings of the 2017 DiscoMT shared task on cross-lingual pronoun prediction. Proc. 3rd Workshop on Discourse in Machine Translation (DiscoMT), Copenhagen DK, September 2017, pp. 1–16.

Christian Hardmeier. A neural model for part-of-speech tagging in historical texts. Proc. 26th International Conference on Computational Linguistics (COLING), Osaka JP, December 2016, pp. 922–931.

Sharid Loáiciga, Liane Guillou and Christian Hardmeier. It-disambiguation and source-aware language models for cross-lingual pronoun prediction. Proc. 1st Conference on Machine Translation (WMT), Berlin DE, August 2016, pp. 581–588.

Christian Hardmeier. Pronoun prediction with latent anaphora resolution.. Proc. 1st Conference on Machine Translation (WMT), Berlin DE, August 2016, pp. 576–580.

Liane Guillou, Christian Hardmeier, Preslav Nakov, Sara Stymne, Jörg Tiedemann, Yannick Versley, Mauro Cettolo, Bonnie Webber and Andrei Popescu-Belis. Findings of the 2016 WMT shared task on cross-lingual pronoun prediction. Proc. 1st Conference on Machine Translation (WMT), Berlin DE, August 2016, pp. 525–542.

Christian Hardmeier and Liane Guillou. A graphical pronoun evaluation tool for the PROTEST pronoun evaluation test suite. Proc. 19th Annual Conference of the European Association for Machine Translation (EAMT), Riga LV. Baltic Journal of Modern Computing 4 (2), May 2016, pp. 318–330.

Aaron Smith, Christian Hardmeier and Jörg Tiedemann. Climbing Mount BLEU: The strange world of reachable high-BLEU translations. Proc. 19th Annual Conference of the European Association for Machine Translation (EAMT), Riga LV. Baltic Journal of Modern Computing 4 (2), May 2016, pp. 269–281.

Liane Guillou and Christian Hardmeier. PROTEST: A Test Suite for Evaluating Pronouns in Machine Translation. Proc. 10th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), Portorož SI, May 2016, pp. 636–643.

Jimmy Callin, Christian Hardmeier and Jörg Tiedemann. Part-of-Speech Driven Cross-Lingual Pronoun Prediction with Feed-Forward Neural Networks. Proc. 2nd Workshop on Discourse and Machine Translation (DiscoMT), Lisbon PT, September 2015, pp. 59–64.

Christian Hardmeier. A Document-Level SMT System with Integrated Pronoun Prediction. Proc. 2nd Workshop on Discourse and Machine Translation (DiscoMT), Lisbon PT, September 2015, pp. 72–77.

Christian Hardmeier. On Statistical Machine Translation and Translation Theory. Proc. 2nd Workshop on Discourse and Machine Translation (DiscoMT), Lisbon PT, September 2015, pp. 168–172.

Christian Hardmeier, Preslav Nakov, Sara Stymne, Jörg Tiedemann, Yannick Versley and Mauro Cettolo. Pronoun-Focused MT and Cross-Lingual Pronoun Prediction: Findings of the 2015 DiscoMT Shared Task on Pronoun Translation.. Proc. 2nd Workshop on Discourse and Machine Translation (DiscoMT), Lisbon PT, September 2015, pp. 1–16.

Christian Hardmeier, Sara Stymne, Jörg Tiedemann, Aaron Smith and Joakim Nivre. Anaphora Models and Reordering for Phrase-Based SMT. Proc. 9th Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation (WMT), Baltimore MD, June 2014, pp. 122–129.

Liane Guillou, Christian Hardmeier, Aaron Smith, Jörg Tiedemann and Bonnie Webber. ParCor 1.0: A Parallel Pronoun-Coreference Corpus to Support Statistical MT. Proc. 10th International Conference on Language Resources and Evaluation (LREC), Reykjavík IS, May 2014, pp. 3191–3198.

Christian Hardmeier, Jörg Tiedemann and Joakim Nivre. Latent Anaphora Resolution for Cross-Lingual Pronoun Prediction. Proc. 2013 Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing (EMNLP), Seattle WA, October 2013, pp. 380–391.

Christian Hardmeier, Sara Stymne, Jörg Tiedemann and Joakim Nivre. Docent: A Document-Level Decoder for Phrase-Based Statistical Machine Translation. Proc. 51st Annual Meeting of the Association for Computational Linguistics (ACL), Sofia BG, August 2013, pp. 193–198.

Sara Stymne, Christian Hardmeier, Jörg Tiedemann and Joakim Nivre. Feature Weight Optimization for Discourse-Level SMT. Proc. Workshop on Discourse and Machine Translation (DiscoMT), Sofia BG, August 2013, pp. 60–69.

Sara Stymne, Christian Hardmeier, Jörg Tiedemann and Joakim Nivre. Tunable Distortion Limits and Corpus Cleaning for SMT. Proc. 8th Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation (WMT), Sofia BG, August 2013, pp. 225–231.

Sara Stymne, Jörg Tiedemann, Christian Hardmeier and Joakim Nivre. Statistical Machine Translation with Readability Constraints. Proc. 19th Nordic Conference on Computational Linguistics (NODALIDA), Oslo NO, May 2013, pp. 375–386.

Christian Hardmeier, Joakim Nivre and Jörg Tiedemann. Document-Wide Decoding for Phrase-Based Statistical Machine Translation. Proc. 2012 Joint Conference on Empirical Methods in Natural Language Processing and Computational Natural Language Learning (EMNLP-CoNLL), Jeju Island KR, July 2012, pp. 1179–1190.

Christian Hardmeier, Joakim Nivre and Jörg Tiedemann. Tree Kernels for Machine Translation Quality Estimation. Proc. 7th Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation (WMT), Montreal CA, June 2012, pp. 109–113.

Christian Hardmeier, Jörg Tiedemann, Markus Saers, Marcello Federico and Mathur Prashant. The Uppsala-FBK systems at WMT 2011. Proc. 6th Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation (WMT), Edinburgh UK, July 2011, pp. 372–378.

Christian Hardmeier. Improving Machine Translation Quality Prediction with Syntactic Tree Kernels. Proc. 15th Conference of the European Association for Machine Translation (EAMT), Leuven BE, May 2011, pp. 233–240.

Christian Hardmeier and Marcello Federico. Modelling Pronominal Anaphora in Statistical Machine Translation. Proc. 7th International Workshop on Spoken Language Translation (IWSLT), Paris FR, December 2010, pp. 283–289.

Christian Hardmeier. Fast and Extensible Phrase Scoring for Statistical Machine Translation. Proc. 4th MT Marathon, Dublin IE. Prague Bulletin of Mathematical Linguistics 93, 2010, January 2010, pp. 87–96.

Martin Volk, Rico Sennrich, Christian Hardmeier and Frida Tidström. Machine Translation of TV Subtitles for Large Scale Production. Proc. 2nd Joint EM+/CNGL Workshop ``Bringing MT to the User: Research on Integrating MT in the Translation Industry, Denver CO, November 2010, pp. 53–62.

Christian Hardmeier, Arianna Bisazza and Marcello Federico. FBK at WMT 2010: Word Lattices for Morphological Reduction and Chunk-Based Reordering. Proc. Joint 5th Workshop on Statistical Machine Translation and MetricMATR (WMT-Metrics-MATR), Uppsala SE, July 2010, pp. 88–92.

Christian Hardmeier and Martin Volk. Using Linguistic Annotations in Statistical Machine Translation of Film Subtitles. Proc. 17th Nordic Conference of Computational Linguistics (NODALIDA), Odense DK, May 2009, pp. 57–64.

Book Review

Christian Hardmeier. Kaibao Hu: Introducing corpus-based translation studies. Machine Translation 30 (1–2), 2016, pp. 117–120.

Edited Volumes

Andrei Popescu-Belis, Sharid Loáiciga, Christian Hardmeier and Deyi Xiong (eds.). Proceedings of the Fourth Workshop on Discourse in Machine Translation. Stroudsburg PA: Association for Computational Linguistics, 2019.

Marta R. Costa-jussà, Christian Hardmeier, Will Radford and Kellie Webster (eds.). Proceedings of the First Workshop on Gender Bias in Natural Language Processing. Stroudsburg PA: Association for Computational Linguistics, 2019.

Bonnie Webber, Marine Carpuat, Andrei Popescu-Belis and Christian Hardmeier (eds.). Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Discourse in Machine Translation. Stroudsburg PA: Association for Computational Linguistics, 2015.

Deyi Xiong, Kevin Duh, Christian Hardmeier and Roberto Navigli (eds.). Proceedings of the 1st Workshop on Semantics-Driven Statistical Machine Translation (S2MT 2015). Stroudsburg PA: Association for Computational Linguistics, 2015.

Abstracts and Preprints

Eva Vanmassenhove, Christian Hardmeier and Andy Way. Incorporating Gender Information into NMT. Computational Linguistics in the Netherlands (CLIN), Groningen NL, January 2019.

Christian Hardmeier* and Liane Guillou*. Pronoun Translation in English-French Machine Translation: An Analysis of Error Types. 2018. *Both authors contributed equally. https://arxiv.org/abs/1808.10196.

Liane Guillou*, Christian Hardmeier*, Ekaterina Lapshinova-Koltunski* and Sharid Loáiciga*. A Pronoun Test Suite Evaluation of the English-French Systems at WMT 2018. Swedish Language Technology Conference (SLTC), Stockholm SE, November 2018, pp. 16–19. *All authors contributed equally.

Ekaterina Lapshinova-Koltunski, Sharid Loáiciga, Christian Hardmeier and Marie-Pauline Krielke. Dealing with Inconsistencies in Parallel Annotations. International Symposium PaCor 2018. Parallel Corpora: Creation and Applications, Madrid ES, November 2018.

Eva Vanmassenhove and Christian Hardmeier. Europarl datasets with demographic speaker information. 21st Annual Conference of the European Association for Machine Translation: Project/product descriptions, Alacant ES, May 2018.

Christian Hardmeier. Translating pronouns with latent anaphora resolution. NIPS 2014 Workshop on Modern Machine Learning and Natural Language Processing, Montreal CA, December 2014.

Christian Hardmeier. A dependency projection model for phrase-based SMT. Swedish Language Technology Conference (SLTC), Uppsala SE, November 2014.

Data Sets and Software

Ekaterina Lapshinova-Koltunski, Christian Hardmeier and Pauline Krielke. ParCorFull: A parallel corpus annotated with full coreference. 2018. http://hdl.handle.net/11372/LRT-2614.

Sharid Loáiciga, Sara Stymne, Preslav Nakov, Christian Hardmeier, Jörg Tiedemann, Mauro Cettolo and Yannick Versley.. DiscoMT 2017 Shared Task on Cross-lingual Pronoun Prediction (Data Sets). 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/11234/1-2393.

Liane Guillou, Christian Hardmeier, Preslav Nakov, Sara Stymne, Jörg Tiedemann, Yannick Versley, Mauro Cettolo, Bonnie Webber and Andrei Popescu-Belis. DiscoMT 2016 Shared Task on Cross-lingual Pronoun Prediction (Data Sets). 2017. http://hdl.handle.net/11372/LRT-2394.

Liane Guillou and Christian Hardmeier. PROTEST: A Test Suite for Evaluating Pronouns in Machine Translation. 2016. https://bitbucket.org/lianeg/protest.

Christian Hardmeier, Jörg Tiedemann, Preslav Nakov, Sara Stymne and Yannick Versley. DiscoMT 2015 Shared Task on Pronoun Translation (Data Sets). 2016. http://hdl.handle.net/11372/LRT-1611.

Liane Guillou, Christian Hardmeier, Aaron Smith, Jörg Tiedemann and Bonnie Webber. ParCor – A Parallel Pronoun-Coreference Corpus. 2014. http://opus.lingfil.uu.se/ParCor/.

Christian Hardmeier, Sara Stymne, Jörg Tiedemann and Joakim Nivre. Docent: A Document-Level Decoder for Phrase-Based Statistical Machine Translation. 2012. https://github.com/chardmeier/docent.

Contributions to Other Published Work

Sindri Freysson. E-Mail. In: Ursula Giger and Jürg Glauser (eds.), Niemandstal. Junge Literatur aus Island. München: dtv, 2011, pp. 217–232. Translated from Icelandic into German by Christian Hardmeier

Treichler, Regula (ed.). Schlagwortnormdatei Schweiz für allgemeine öffentliche Bibliotheken. Solothurn: SAB-Verlag, 2005. 377 pages. Completely revised and extended for the 3rd edition by Christian Hardmeier and Regula Treichler.